Marlborough Antiques & Interiors
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Ethel Mortlock - 'Town' - Marie Adelaide Brassey 'Marchioness of Willingdon'
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Miss Ethel Mortlock an oil on canvas called 'Town' of Marie Adelaide Brassey (aged 3) who became Marchioness of Willingdon (see below) and is buried in the Nave at Westminster Abbey, signed and dated 1878. Picture 60 x 45 cm Ethel Mortlock (1865-1928) an extraordinary woman and sought after portrait painter. Born in Cambridge and lived in London. She exhibited at The Royal Academy between years 1878-1893 no less than 29 paintings also at the Grosvenor Galleries. Many of Paintings in museums (See History below and her sitters). Marie Adelaide Brassey - Marie Adelaide Freeman-Thomas, Marchioness of Willingdon, GBE, CI DStJ (née Brassey; 24 March 1875 – 30 January 1960) was a daughter of Thomas Brassey, 1st Earl Brassey. On 20 July 1892, she married Freeman Thomas , 1st Marquess of Willingdon (12 September 1866 – 12 August 1941), the future Governor General of Canada and Viceroy of India. She became : Invested as an Imperial Order of the Crown of India (C.I.) in 1917, Decorated with the Kaisar-i-Hind Gold Medal , Invested as a Dame of Justice, Venerable Order of St John (D.J.St. J.),Decorated with the Order of Mercy. Invested as a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in December 1917. Invested as a Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE) in the 1924 Birthday Honours. Marie Canyon on the Cowichan River, Vancouver Island is named for her, commemorating a 1930 canoe trip from Cowichan Lake down that river to the city of Duncan, British Columbia. The Lady Willingdon Hospitol in Lahore, Pakistan is named after her .The Lady Willingdon Hospital in Manali, Himachal Pradesh, India, is named after her. About Ethel Mortlock : Her clientèle of sitters included members of the aristocracy and European nobility and included, by her account, the Shah of Persia (1900) and the ‘Chinese Ambassador’, Li Hung Chang (who was actually the Chinese Viceroy), à propos which sitting the Sketch published an illustrated interview with Ethel in August 1896. Ethel was thought pretty grand by the American papers who reported that Chang had to go to her studio for sittings in 1896 rather than she wait upon him. He brought her a roll of silk and a white jade palette as presents. Li Hung Chang was a pretty big cheese; his wife had two thousand servants waiting on her. The Chatham, NY, Courier reported that Ethel had painted every Ambassador who had come to London. These last clients, allegedly by failing to pay the £1000 charged for their portraits, landed Ethel in trouble. They were, of course, conveniently unavailable to the bankruptcy commissioners so this sob-story could not be checked. Strapped for cash she was caught out when the executors of a racehorse owner called Edward Overall Bleakley found, in his effects, IOUs for hundreds of pounds (Bleakley had bequeathed his own portrait by Ethel to Manchester Infirmary [Daily News, 1.8.98]). Ethel went to court, claiming that these were offset by painting commissions, but the court found against her and she was told to pay up. Now saddled with legal costs, she was caught again when Captain Noel Hoare, her man of business, died and it was found that he had mortgaged to Hoare’s Bank, without her knowledge (she said), three properties in Sloane Street that she had been building. She tried to buy back one of these but lost a £500 deposit when she could not complete, making a bad situation rather worse. Bleakley’s executors now broke her and her examination in bankruptcy in 1901 can be read in the PRO as above. Her troubles were attributed to extravagance and betting - the Bleakley IOUs were assumed to be in fact gambling debts and the creditors now included all sorts of tradesmen and the Hotel Cecil where Ethel was then living, presumably in some style. She did not help herself by claiming an income of £250 p.a. when individual commissions were on her own account at the £1000 mark as above, meaning that the Chinese and Persian portraits alone would have occupied her last eight years and she would have obtained these prestigious commissions at the age of 18 (she gave her age as 26). Faced by the raised eyebrows of her superiors in mental arithmetic Ethel then upped her declared usual income to a still rather modest £800. She claimed to keep no sort of cash book, accounts, or any memoranda. Proceedings closed with Ethel declared bankrupt and a number of people out of pocket; the settlement was at 7/6 in the pound. Ethel went back to her easel. Some financial aspects seem never to have been sorted out; funds in Chancery relating to her, Hoare and Bleakley were still being recorded in the London Gazette every few years at least up to 1938; maybe the born in Cambridge; she appears never to have married. The 1881 census had not heard of her - she may have been in the United States at that time. However, standard works about Victorian painters, such as the Antique Collectors’ Club Dictionary of British Artists (Johnson & Greutzner, 1976) and their Dictionary of Victorian Painters (C Wood, 2nd edition, 1978) tell us that she was a pupil of Sir William Orchardson (who came to London in 1863) and that by 1904 she had exhibited 29 works at the Royal Academy. I have listed these, usually prestigious, sitters, who included Don Carlos (Duke of Madrid), the Duchess of Wellington and the Earl of Ashburnham, as a footnote to this article. They cannot have been by any means her whole output; surely not all her clients would have agreed to being hung in public nor perhaps to spare the work they had paid for from their own and their families’ walls. There may also have been works submitted to the R.A. which did not appeal to the Hanging Committee, such as her 1885 portrait of Colonel Burnaby. But to get in year after year bespeaks considerable ability; she was clearly competent with her brush if not at accountancy. Her portrait of the albino-complexioned Robert Lowe, 1st (and only) Viscount Sherbrooke, held by Nottingham Castle Museum, was executed in 1878 when Ethel was later said to have been only 16 - evidence of a remarkable talent if this were true, particularly as the painting was exhibited at the Royal Academy and in 1880 at the Walker gallery in Liverpool [see the Liverpool Mercury, 5.10.1880]. Sherbrooke himself left the painting to his wife and then to the Council of the University of London but there was some dispute over this legacy [Pall Mall Gazette, 6.10.92]. Not only did she achieve exhibition at the R.A., sometimes her work was singled out for comment by The Times. A monochrome portrait by Ethel of George Earl Church, a celebrated explorer of South America, (now held by Brown University in New England) and her portrait of Don Carlos were described in 1883 as ‘strong portraits’.In 1888 her portrayals of William C Endicott, the US Secretary for War and of Colonel Coxon were described as ‘good likenesses painted with much power’ and were exhibited following a ‘prolonged visit to the United States‘ [Glasgow Herald, 26.3.88]. Works not shown by the RA include an 1887 portrait of Mary Endicott (later Mrs Joseph Chamberlain) that can now be seen in the Glen Magna Farms mansion in Maine . The Church and Endicott works suggest that Ethel may have spent her American time seeking clients in New England. Her commissions also included a portrait of the Irish-American rancher John Adair (d.1885), which work is now in the Panhandle-Plains Museum in Canyon, Texas, and has a note on its back of her name and gives her address as 122 Sloane Street. A portrait of the 2nd Duke of Wellington hangs in Gloversville public library NY, probably commissioned by his friend, the library’s founder Elder Levi Parsons. Also not recorded in the Royal Academy list, but mentioned in A Dictionary of Portrait Painters Up To 1920 is a portrait of the 2nd Duke of Wellington which is believed to be one of the earliest portraits of a sitter smoking a cigarette, which hangs in Stratfield Saye. Another exotic sitter had been the Sultan of Johore, who had visited England in 1891. As a 21st century price guide, her rather crestfallen ‘Lady Godiva’ was on offer on the internet for $20,000. She could paint horses, too. The Royal Academy Exhibitors list allows Ethel’s addresses to be traced, at least in part. In 1878 she was in Thistle Grove, SW10 which runs off the Brompton Road towards Chelsea. By 1884 she was at 122, Sloane Street, where she was at home to the census taken seven years later. By 1900 she had moved into the Cecil Hotel off Sloane Square and, her hotel bill presumably unpaid, moved the next year to 46a, Pall Mall. In fact in December 1887 the Blackburn Standard reported that she was ‘not in America’ but in Sloane Street, ‘working hard .. for the 1888 Exhibition’. Another portrait by Ethel was of Sir Walter Lowry Buller, the celebrated New Zealand ornithologist which is now in the NZ Museum in Wellington.The last work of hers that I have been able to discover (that of the Prince of Wales) seems to date to 1926.
Marlborough Antiques & Interiors has clarified that the Ethel Mortlock - 'Town' - Marie Adelaide Brassey 'Marchioness of Willingdon' (LA223298) is genuinely of the period declared with the date/period of manufacture being 1878
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This Ethel Mortlock - 'Town' - Marie Adelaide Brassey 'Marchioness of Willingdon' is located in Marlborough, United Kingdom